On classification of Turkmen designs, before preparation a list of
similar origins, it is necessary to have an explanation about
fields, experience proves, that similarity is not an effect of one
factor, but sometimes, many factors create the design origin, nearing
or getting away during tribal evolution and taste-trying.
It is possible
that the appearance of some designs, resembles each other, while they
have been resembled during a trend of evolution and the motive of
design has not been the primary object as inspiration of that design.
neck of a camel, flint and metal hook have all metallic curve, but
have no similarity to each other. In evolution of designs derived from
those three objects, we may reach to three similar designs or rather
equal, while Turkmen have reached to this point in this respect; in
fact, problem is much more expanded.
Flower is one
of designs used in Turkmen carpets, in more than twenty different
images appropriated to special form in various tribes, what we could
find in all Turkish language tribes called as "Gul" and in Persian
language and clans as "Howz".
"Gul" (flower) is the same Iranian medallion, which is
repeated in designs of Turkmen carpet. This sort of design, i.e.
design of repetitive flowers (double medallion), has been in vogue
until short of Timurid era, un expensive carpets of Court of Iran,
also is seen in miniatures of 15th to 17th century A.D.
Turkmen flowers are in two categories. First group are very similar to
each others, so that if compare them, we come to conclusion that
probably they are from same unique origin and their separation is due
to tribal taste-trying. Next group are those flowers, having no
similarity to other flowers, perhaps they had separate source, such
as: Flint, Khastaz and Taviz.