of Qashqai carpet, at least during the three recent centuries, are
divided into two main separated groups.
First, traditional tribal designs and motives, which are not apt to
the course of time and are woven since many years, having only
slight variations and with the same style. Particularity of those
designs is geometric shape of motives and imaginary weaving. They do
not follow a specific pattern and have no special order, avoiding
symmetric weaving except in design of medallion and margins.
This style, having a principle of combining and intermingling
scattered motives is call “Ashkali”.
Most weavers of Sheshbluki tribe, especially Heybatlu and
Arabchupanlu, Rahimlu, Safikhani, Shakarlu and Khangasht follow this
Second group have designs and regular connected features, with
symmetric images, having no tribal or rustic origin, Design is
adapted from urban carpets and other burgess civilization, such as
fabrics, cashmere, calico and tile, but it is simplified to special
method of tribal weavers and are stylized.
Particulars of this group are rule and order, monotony of designs,
equilibrium and symmetric weaving. In this style instead of lozenge
or square, octangular or hexangular, straight or zigzag lines, other
designs of floral, herbage and turning lines are in use.
The perfect example of this style is the regular method of “Nazim”,
a combination of simplified, methodic design of floral and herbage
with geometric order.
The most voguish design of this group is “Stripped”, “in and
out fish” design, “Paisley”, “Herbage” and “Overall