Carpet: Iran

Carpet of Qashqai Tribe
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Classification of Designs
 
 

Images of Qashqai carpet, at least during the three recent centuries, are divided into two main separated groups.

First, traditional tribal designs and motives, which are not apt to the course of time and are woven since many years, having only slight variations and with the same style. Particularity of those designs is geometric shape of motives and imaginary weaving. They do not follow a specific pattern and have no special order, avoiding symmetric weaving except in design of medallion and margins.

This style, having a principle of combining and intermingling scattered motives is call “Ashkali”.

Most weavers of Sheshbluki tribe, especially Heybatlu and Arabchupanlu, Rahimlu, Safikhani, Shakarlu and Khangasht follow this style.

Second group have designs and regular connected features, with symmetric images, having no tribal or rustic origin, Design is adapted from urban carpets and other burgess civilization, such as fabrics, cashmere, calico and tile, but it is simplified to special method of tribal weavers and are stylized.

Particulars of this group are rule and order, monotony of designs, equilibrium and symmetric weaving. In this style instead of lozenge or square, octangular or hexangular, straight or zigzag lines, other designs of floral, herbage and turning lines are in use.

The perfect example of this style is the regular method of “Nazim”, a combination of simplified, methodic design of floral and herbage with geometric order.

The most voguish design of this group is “Stripped”, “in and out fish” design, “Paisley”, “Herbage” and “Overall flower”.

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Qashqai Rug
 
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