weaving apparatus is a simple frame, easy to open and close. It has
two wooden beams, dug in the floor by four big nails at a permanent
are regularly drawn between two beams. To handle warps for loosening
or tightening, two piece of ropes are fixed over the sides of
terminal beam and in a farther distance are connected to floor by
two wooden nails. They twist those ropes together with a piece of
wood and by any turn, set gets tighter or looser (visa versa).
nails were dug into the earth (floor), beams of both sides are set
at its behind and thus warp winding begins. This job is done
crossing, i.e. one wood moves under the next wood.
finishing warp winding, they bundle warps alternately, or in two
with strong yarns and moor them with a special wood, so that each
group of warps may move easily up and down by replacing a special
handle, connected to tripod.
moving this handle, each time half warps move upward and the other
half downward and it continues repeatedly. This method of replacing
yarns of warp is called "Kuji-bandi".
Kuji-bandi, weaving is started; first, they weave carpet plainly up
to 5 cm, to prevent opening of knots in the course of time and owing
weaving requires weft and pile, the same fibers, which result
featuring through knotting. Carpet is woven with non-symmetric knots
around two warps. In each knot, yarn moves backward over two warps
and at the side. Then returns through warps forward and tightens by
pulling it, i.e. they twist at the back of two warps and come up
through their yarns. The other butt passes at behind of the second
warp upward and warp around which the pile is not twisted in the
next row comes to sequence.
knotting all through warps, the thin weft passes at beneath and
thick weft passes over the warp and they pound it with comb to
the next row, by replacement of Kuji wood, warps location is changed
and work goes on in turn.