Carpet: Iran

Carpet of Qashqai Tribe
Colors and Herbal Coloring Plants

Some seeds like madder, raceme, henna, oak, green shell of walnut, lemon peel, panicle, indigo, pomegranate peel, maple, opoponax, vine leaf, harrow, straw and onion peel, mostly found in tribal residence are used as dyeing materials.

To stabilize and expansion of raw materials colors, mordant is used, of which the most famous element is "alum"; potash alum, whit vitriol and chrome vitriol are also applicable. Sometime other materials such as oak leaf, turpentine leaf, lemon peel, pomegranate peel, ...  are added to mordant.

Existence of iron in water or alum makes colors dark and unpleasant; therefore, experienced women change the quantity of alum and sometime they use rainwater or water with little salt.


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