warp and weft are used in Kerman rugs. Since cotton is more stable
than wool against loom tension, so the flexibility and finally
loosening of warps are prevented. Weft is cotton, too.
local term, thick weft is called "Toun" and thin weft "Cocoun".
warp winding, each 160 warps up to the next 160 warps are marked and
signed. Warp winding wage is also paid on this, which in local term is
called "hundred sign".
Kerman rugs three wefts are used, instead of one or two, which are
knotted over each other in every wale. First and third wefts have the
same thickness and are rather thinner than warp. Middle weft is
thinner than all wefts, used in weaving centers. By entrance of Tabriz
weavers' culture to Babak city, near Kerman, this type of weft became
weft is immediately put over each wale of knots, then warps are moved
forward, backward or reverse and then thin weft is passed. After that,
warps are unfastened and third weft is passed.