in Carpet Designing
are two styles in Iranian carpets:
1. Designs formed by straight or broken lines (geometrical
2. Designs formed
by bent lines (rotating designs).
in the first group include straight, vertical and horizontal and 45
degree lines. Usually designs
in this group are seen in
village or tribal rugs and the second group are woven in cities.
reason behind the broken pattern in villages and tribes are due to the
absence of professional
designers and simplicity of designs. Of course this is not a
prevailing fact. Around the villages of Arak and Kerman, rugs with
rotating designs are being woven. But we have to point out, that even
they get their patterns from the nearby cities. Method of weaving a
carpet with rotating design was that, the pattern was drawn in actual
size and the paper was then checkered, where each square represents a
Tradition in Carpet Designing
1. Margin: One of the most important rule and tradition in
Iranian carpets is the margin. Margin includes
"center", which is the main margin and one to three
narrower margins on the sides. Margin
patterns are different, they include Flower, Eslimi, and many other
designs. It can be also
be formed by frames. The important rule is repetition of designs in
the length of carpet. Another
point in margin design is that the center margin has a more eye-catching
effect than other
2. Grounds in Carpets: Parts inside margins are
called “Ground’. (Margins surround it). Designing
ground has many rules and the most important is to have an
equilibrium; so that half
of carpet must balance the other half. In most cases, the top half
balances the bottom half (Except in exceptional cases such as flower
pots, hunting fields, etc.).
Groups of Images in Carpets
1. Lines, surfaces, objects.
2. Real or imaginary portraits.
4. Historical, religious buildings.
Style Recognition in Iranian
has forbidden creating resemblance to fight against idolatry.
Therefore after Islam, countries
such as Iran, used abstract and geometrical images. Up to the early
15th. century most
images were geometrical. From the 14th century rotating designs began
and became popular
from the 16th. century.
the aid of certain views and essence, Iranian designers produced many
designs, such as Arabesque
and Chinese. They mixed these designs with flowers, bushes, frames,
medallions, scripts, animals,
birds, people, buildings and other forms in their designs. New colors
also helped to highlight
their work. Designs were named by its subject and sometimes from its
weaving place. Names
to some extend talk about specifications of designs.