actions leading to carpet weaving is called carpet designing. This is
done either from
a pattern or imagination. They include setting pattern, colors, size,
quality and weaving of carpet,
margins, quality of raw material, and other carpet specifications.
This file covers mainly patterns and color types.
Patterns are designed by carpet designers and given to weavers.
Naghsh Mayeh (Boneh Negar)
group of miniature images forming the pattern. They have particular
meanings. Together with other images of carpets they could have
meanings other than their
own. Carpets have a collections of images within themselves.
are drawn by pencil on checkered paper corresponding with
the wale. Lines are dotted and colored which distinguishes root
colors. In these roots every dot in a square represents a knot and the
weaver follows the same pattern of knots and colors.
Pencil work: Drawing the whole pattern on
2. Imaging: Outlines of images drawn in the first step are
3. Coloring: Images are colored.
4. Dotting: Dotting the images on the checkered paper. Each
square of the checkered paper in this
method, represents a knot. Great care is needed, otherwise any
slight mistake will lead to a faulty pattern.
dotting is a tedious job, another method called "Dorehgiri"
has been invented. In this method instead
of representing the knot with a colored dot, it is shown grouped with
other uni-colored surrounding
knots. This method is not as exact as the dotting method especially in
due to the consistency of colors.
of paper patterns for each carpet depends on:
1. Delicacy of the carpet: More wale requires more paper
2. Margin type: Unrepeated margins need more
3. Pattern type: Patterns are “full”,
“quarter” and “Vaghireh” in size.
4. Size of the carpet.
of carpets, whether they are symmetrical or not and depending on their
size are divided
by different names:
A: Quarter pattern: In patterns where a quarter of
the image is repeated, pattern is produced for only
that quarter. Margin pattern is provided only for the section which is
B: Full height pattern:
Prevails mainly in rugs(2*3 sq. m) and represents half of width
and full length of rug.
C: Full length pattern: In flower pot and hunting field
patterns where the pattern
is not symmetrical the
entire pattern is drawn. These prevail mainly for 2*3 sq. m rugs.
Toranj or Medallion: It is derived from miniature
images drawn by artists. It is a round image;
oval and stands in the center of a carpet. (“Two Kolaleh” or
“three Toranj” stand on top or
bottom of this image.
2. Lachak or Corner: A quarter of the medallion
image without “Kolaleh” stand on the four corners of the
3. Margins: Formed by frames of different width placed one in
another; the center frame forming the
main pattern (ground).