using different colorful dyes, specially European senses
and curtains in rugs, have a positive option, it is
astonishing to remind, which Arak rugs had become
well-known for its colors.
ancient rugs of Sarough with its famous milky color,
Farahan rugs with splendid blue color and Moshkabad rugs
with madder color and its famous wool have exported to
world market in their weaving time and now are found in
museums and private collections.
natural and herbal dyes are mostly used in Arak rugs:
Cochineal, a colorful insect, which is used as a dye, or
azure, which has been extracted from cobalt or mine
stones. Even though natural dyes have limited color hues,
one could see artful compound patterns in very limited
colors in Arak rugs.
of these colors, Farahan’s blue, Moshkabad’s azure and
madder or Sarough’s milky-red, are yet well-known in
this region. Green, cream and yellowish cream colors,
which have been obtained from rich compounds of herbs and
madder, walnut shell, vine leaf, pomegranate shell dyes,
each has valuable share in dyeing. Fame of well-known
“Sarough Rug”, like other ancient rugs of this region,
is owed to the use of traditional herbal dyes.
dye fastness is about 5 of standard in compare to chemical
dyes, which have been reached to 8, seems low, but this
level of fastness is enough and adequate for rug. As rug
is not used in continuous direct sunlight, as well as
special quality and slow absorption of these dyes, which
are about 4 in washing and rubbing of herbal dyeing, 5 is