rug is coarse. Best of these rugs have 40 to rarely 50
wales or sometimes a little more. Arak rug is well-known
for its native-regional characteristics and based on the
use of wool, dye, plain and mostly rustic designs.
has to be mentioned, that coarse rug is a rug with thick,
long and resistance piles, which has suitable elasticity.
This quality, which has a coverage role for rug, is relevant
to tribe and rustic or cold and mountainous regions
native wool, hand-spun yarns, local dyes and traditional
dyeing are fundamentals of their rug weaving.
rugs of Moshkabad, with wales about 15 to 22 or a little
more, became well-known all over the world; there is no
doubt, that a part of its fame is related to the way of
dyeing and primitive designs, but the most is related to
the long and elastic wool. This quality is seen in more
desirable rugs of that time’s Sarough rug (Farahan
region), with 36, 40 to 45 number of wales.
used in these
rugs are mostly fine Iranian wools with long, thick and
special crimp, which has been spun by hand or by common
kinds of wool have been supplied from Sabzevar ,Broujerd, Chaharmahal
and Bakhtiari, near Hamadan and Kermanshah, which have the
best quality of Iranian rugs.
rugs are in three groups: Mahal, Moshkabad and Sarough,
which all are completely influenced by rug named
are many different reasons for best desirable quality of
Arak rugs; some of those are husbandry and numerous
numbers of native sheep, which make flourish of weaving in
this region. This wool has all specifications needed for
carpet, like long crimp, thickness and fine elasticity, as
well as softness.
is not famous for silk rugs. Proper use of wool in very
simple rugs, with more simple designs and limited but
beautiful coloring, make this rug free from using
expensive materials to increase its value. In addition,
using hand-spun wool of Iranian sheep, that was expertly
applied by hands of dyers, in dyeing cauldron, contained
rough particles of madder, pomegranate shell and walnut
shell, under pass of floating particles in running water,
results lost their extra dyes and roughness of its fibers
and obtained such a soft and shinny polished surface,
which it could compare to silk or more.