Great Romantic Poet of Iran
Nizami spent 30 years, composing his "Khamseh"
(Five Treasures), of which best-known in "Khosro"
He, also, composed moral poems.
He dedicated his poems to various rulers, but avoided
Works exhibit extravagant imagination are highly
first epic of Nizami was "Khosro and Shirin",
which relates the love story of King of Persia and
beautiful Princess Shirin. Farhad was an eminent
sculptor, whose passionate love for the same
maiden gave the monarch vexation. To remove him
from his court, King required him to hew a channel
for a river through the lofty mountain, Bisotoun,
and to decorate it with sculpture. He promised
also that if Farhad would accomplish this
stupendous task, he would receive as his bride the
object of his love. The enamored artist accepted
the work on his condition. It is related that as
he struck the rock, he constantly invoked the name