Khajeh Shamseddin Mohammad Shirazi, known as Hafiz, the lyric poet was born in Shiraz and died in the same
city at the end of 14th century AD.
He turned to learn literature, humanities and Koran, when
he was young and became one of the great men of his time
in the field of
Hafiz was fond of his own town, Shiraz, because of which
he didn't ho any journeys, except to Yazd and Qeshm
His fame, during his life time, reached Azerbaijan, Baqdad
and even India. Although Hafiz was a master of ode,
couplet and quatrain, short lyric poem, his fame is because of his Ghazals
These sonnets are considered the soul of Persian Lyric,
which are the manifestation of deep human thoughts
represented in beautiful words in a unique poetic form.
Hafiz' fame has gone far beyond the boundaries of Persian
speaking countries, for his poems has been translated into
several languages and many great scholars had admired him.
His collection of poems (Divan Hafiz), containing
over 500 sonnets, influenced later Persian, Indian and
Turkish poets, and also Westerners as Goethe.
The name of Shiraz is associated with Hafiz. About 64
years after his death, a dome was built over his grave,
with a pool in front of it, which was filled with Rokna's
Karim Khan Zand had a construction built over the grave of
Hafiz, including a hall with four high stone columns.
There was a garden in front of this construction. A marble
gravestone was put on top of the grave, which is still
During 160 years after Zand reign, this construction was
repaired several times, by different generous people,
until 1936, when thanks to the activities of Ali Asqar
Hekmat, the present construction was designed by
"Andre Goddard" and built based on the
architecture of Zand era.
Some of the Persian mystics and poets were buried net to
it. There are a few rooms round the dome indicating the
residence of Hafiz during his life time.
Verses in English (samples)