of Qashqai Kilim:
Carpet weaving tradition in Fars is an ancient profession with no clear timing. Kilim
weaving is more or less an art of Qashqai and Lor rustic people living in Western part
of Fars. The most active centers for weaving, which are also a populated region of Qashqai
tribes, are Zakhrouyeh, Jegardan villages, and suburbs of Firuzabad. Qashqai kilims have
slit cuts, sometimes utilized with brown natural wool as well as yarn warps;
Qashqai kilims are in two categories:
Kilims with horizontal ribbons: This combination is made by Qashqai tribes of western
Iran, which belong to a Turkish origin; this texture is not used by other Qashqai tribes.
Ground of kilim has horizontal ribbons and narrow motives with floating hooks. Motives of
ribbons are quite similar to motives of Shahseven kilims, which misleads in distinguishing
B) Central ground inside the panels: Tulips of panels
are exactly like kilims of the first group, inside the ground, there are two or three
brickshaped medallions or a square design. Important specifications of Qashqai
Ground design: Geometric medallions and scattered motives on the square network
designs, motives as horizontal ribbons
Size and texture: Rectangular
Materials: Brown woolen warps, fine woolen wefts, cotton warps.
Color: Various coloring (painting) with rich colors.
Fringes: Knotted, cord or ribbon.
Usually reinforced with supplementary ropes.
(Also weaving hand bags and ornamental items)
In some Qashqai kilims, one color of weft turns around and filament of
warp and a weft with different color starts from the adjacent warp. Therefore creates a
split between two colors.
Plain, ornament less kilim has only one unicolor filament of weft passing orderly one
underneath and one over the warp. In the advanced kinds, the adjacent wefts do not stay
under or over one filament of warp, but each weft passes through a separate warp.
In these hand-woven deviation of weft filament results the alteration of quality of
Images of Qashqai kilims
1) Featurly image: which
consists of various features, regular, irregular and symmetrylike method of featurly
2) Plain ground in two kinds: all over plain
ground and semi-plain ground.
A) All over plain ground: 1- without corner 2- corner 3-corner-half
B) Semi-plain ground: 1- plain with medallion 2- corner medallion
3- corner medallion-half medallion
3) Stripped (Moharamat): Horizontal and twill
Horizontals striped: Rend, Shanei and Qaichi
Twill striped: full image and less image
4) Brick design
A) Lozenge and brick design which consists of plain, regular and image
B) Brick-design fourfold:1-regular 2- irregular 3- plain 4- with images
5- unicolor 6- multi-color