Afshar Kilim

Kilim: Iran



This clan is originally from Turkistan; They resided firstly in Khuzistan, and then at the time of Shah Ismail, at coast of Orumieh lake in Azerbaijan.
Afshars are original tribes of Iran and still are living in Azerbaijan, Khamseh, Khorasan, Kerman and Khuzistan; their kilims are mostly a commercial version of designs of other tribes. They are divided into a few groups:

Afshar of Khuzistan
This province is the first residence of Afshars. Their kilims are similar to hand mades of Lors at design and weave even it is classified by mistake in Bakhtiari- Lor groups.
Ground Design: Two or three medallions over a uniform weave.
Margins: Narrow.
Size and Feature: Often small and rectangular
Materials: Yarn warps, coarse wool wefts
Texture: Usually slit, sometimes dovetailing, double interlock
Colors: Dark and limited
Fringes: Cord or ribbon, hairy weave
Selvages: Reinforced by supplementary ropes
(Quite similar to Bakhtiari Lor weavings)

Afshar of Azerbaijan
This tribe is living at the coast of Orumieh Lake; the other group as tent-dwellers in the lands between Sahand Mountains and Orumieh Lake.
Ground Design: Big medallions on a uniform ground
Margins: Narrow
Size and Feature: Long and rectangular, sometimes small
Materials: Yarn warps, woolen wefts
Texture: Usually slit, sometimes dovetailing double interlock
Colors: Dark red, blue, white
Fringes: Cord or ribbon of hairy weaving
Selvages: Reinforced by supplementary ropes
(Quite similar to hand-woven of North West Iran).

Afshar of Khorasan
This group, have stayed around “Daregaz” and “Kalat Naderi”; their hand-woven are usually called “Kalat”, and sometime are taken by mistake as Baluch or Kurds of Khorasan, owing to copying the designs of other clans.
Ground Design: Compound little motives inside the ribbon like designs, compound little motives around a geometric medallion
Size and Feature: Small and rectangle, long runners
Materials: Yarn warps, woolen wefts.
Texture: Slit weave, dovetailing double – interlocks weft wrapping – warp – faced plain weave
Colors: Dark red, blue, camel brown, ivory white
Fringes: Uniform ribbon haired
Selvages: Reinforced with supplementary ropes limited use of plain double- warps.
(Hand–bags and other ornamental items are woven in abundance).

Afshar of Kerman
This tribe is living around Kerman to the coast of Persian Gulf as decamping people, nevertheless their scattering, they have reserved their personal and cultural values.
Afshars of Kerman weave knotted carpets in plenitude. Still they weave good kilims, which have a variety more then any other tribes in Iran. Afshar’s kilim has various designs and motives; some of them are similar to Indian hand – weave.
Ground and margin designs: Many various designs, white floral motives, small and scattered
Size and Feature: Mostly small and rectangular
Materials: Yarn coarse warps, woolen coarse wefts
Texture: Slit, dovetailing double-interlock, weft wrapping
Colors: Dark red, blue, yellow, white, scarcely green.
Fringes: Various types.
Selvages: Reinforced by supplementary ropes, with spiral designs.
(Also have hand-bag weaving and ornamental objects).

Afshar of Sirjan
In this kilim, technique of dovetailing, double-interlock are applied; fine selvages and supplementary ropes with spiral designs, blue and golden colors are some of its specification.
A lot of “Rukorssi” “Sofreh” (table cloth) and bags are woven in this land.
Ground and Margin Designs: Various with white little ornamental flowers
Size and Feature: Small and large, rectangular
Materials: Cotton warps, woolen wefts.
Texture: Dovetailing, double-interlocks
Colors: Dark red, blue, green, cotton white
Fringes: Long and hairy woven, joined together by colorful wool

Afshar of Jiroft
Combination of kilim, in this region is quite similar to Bakhtiari hand-woven and to Shushtar kilims of Khuzistan. External Borders of these kilims are decorated with Laleh-Abbasi motives, which are more brocaded than crenate types of Southern Iran.
Ground design: Connected medallions
Margins: Interior panels are crenate and exterior panels have geometric complicated images
Size and feature: Small and Large rectangular
Materials: Yarn warps, thick coarse woolen wefts
Texture: Dovetailing double-interlocks
Colors: Dark red, yellow, blue, ivory white
Fringes: Various
Selvages: Reinforced by supplementary ropes with spiral designs

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