Jajim or Jajem means a “Thick
cloth” like “palas” and also a kind of two-sides carpet, which
is thinner than Palas. Jajim is woven with colorful and fine threads
of wool or mixture of silk and wool. It is a hand weave with no fluff
and its two surfaces could be used. It is a tribal weaving and used as
a coverlet or protector from coldness.
Before coming of quilt and blanket, Jajim has
been the only coverlet of tribesmen. Although it is rough and coarse,
it will become fine and delicate by continuous use very soon.
Weaving of Jajim is simpler than kilim and
more common, as well. A common Jajim with 2.5 meter length and 2 meter
width could be woven in less than a month by two weavers, otherwise
rug that has millions of knots or kilim that has tens of motifs in
There are fine Jajims woven in tribes, which
have 3 to 4 mm thickness. These Jajims are used for decoration.
Jajim, like kilim, is woven on horizontal
loom. According to the pattern, which weaver has in mind, colorful
warps with certain space have been prepared, on loom. Hand spun and
fine wefts, prepared by tribe women, passed through warps and beaten
by a comb, to be pressed. Warps make images of Jajim. Wefts are not
seem very much.
Common Jajims (Chahar-Koub) are like light and
dark checkered in different colors. Motifs could be stripped, square,
checkered, toothed, plain and parallel lines, and generally all motifs
are along warps.
In “Qashqai” tribe, Jajim is also woven as
needle lace ( called “Rend”) and its motifs are the same as kilim.
These Jajim are mostly common in “ Kashkouli” and “Dareshori”
Common Jajims could also be woven in two
pieces or more. It means, that a narrow stripe with 5 meter length and
1.5 meter width, is woven; then divided into 2 pieces. These 2 pieces
are sown together side by side. Salvage in between hides the sown
points. These Jajim are called “Double Width” and could be woven
ever by a weaver. If weavers are more than one it is better to be
woven in single width. Today it is woven with the width of 20 to 30
cm; mostly five parts sown together, made Jajim.