It is located 14 km away from
Belgrade, near Belgrade-Smederevo road and is famous for the
excavations of exceptional archeological value. Prehistoric location
of Belo Bedo is situated on the very bank of Danube and it
represents the world famous archeological site of the remains of
large Neolithic settlement, in the cultural layer 10.5 m thick, and
covering an area of 10 ha.
During excavations, started in 1908 by Dr. Miloje Vasic, professor
of Belgrade University, numerous houses have been discovered, the earthen
homes with remains of the prehistoric man's culture.
Each of the sediment ancient layers, representing particular
phases of life in Vinca (in the period about 4500-3200 BC), contains
real treasures of most diverse artifacts: Tools and weapons of stone
and bone, everyday dishes, richly decorated ritual vases, large
number of anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figurines of exceptionally
impressive stylization, jewelry made of different kinds of rare and
precious materials and a multitude of other objects and works of
art, made in Vinca or acquired from distant regions, Central Europe,
Lower Danube region or Mediterranean.
Discovered artifacts can be seen today in National Museum of
Belgrade, and Vinca collection at the Faculty of Philosophy.
Around the year 4000 BC, Vinca culture has spread over the territory
larger than that of any other Neolithic culture in Europe. Some of
its settlements, by their size and number of dwellers, have
surpassed not only all contemporary Neolithic settlements, but even
the first towns, which came to existence considerably later in
Mesopotamia, Aegean region and Egypt.
Vinca culture reached the peak of its development by the year 3800
BC, approximately, before the other communities emerged, developing
new economic and social relations, based on cattle breeding and
copper and gold processing.