Jug, Cyprus Museum
Cypro-Archaic I Period

Bronze figurine of "Horned God"
Late Bronze Age
Cyprus Museum


History

Cyprus

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1050-58 BC
 

1050-750 BC-GEOMETRIC PERIOD
Cyprus is now a Greek island with ten city-kingdoms.
Cult of the Goddess Aphrodite flourishes at her birthplace Cyprus. 
Phoenicians settle at Kition. 8th century BC is a period of great prosperity.


750-325 BC-ARCHAIC AND CLASSICAL PERIOD
The era of prosperity continues, but the island falls prey to several conquerors. Cypriot Kingdoms become successively tributary to Assyria, Egypt and Persia. King Evagoras of Salamis (who ruled from 411-374 BC) unifies Cyprus and makes the island one of the leading political and cultural centres of Greek world.


333-325 BC
The city-kingdoms of Cyprus welcome Alexander the Great, King of Macedonia, and Cyprus becomes part of his empire.


325-58 BC-HELLENISTIC PERIOD
After the rivalries for succession between Alexander's generals, Cyprus eventually comes under Hellenistic state of the Ptolemies of Egypt, and belongs from now onwards to Greek Alexandrine world. Ptolemies abolish the city-kingdoms and unify Cyprus. Pafos becomes the capital.

 

Cyprus

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