The majority of Yazdís
historical relics, which is remained, is mostly related to
the era after Sassanid. Among the cityís pre-Islam
vestiges, however, one is the petroglyph on a cave wall in
Ernan Mountain, south of Yazd. The engravings depict
spear-wielding men chasing high-horned wild goats.
Meibodís Narin Castle, too, has in it traces of both
Islamic and pre-Islamic architecture. Among the valuable
historical grounds identified in the province are
Kasnavieh Hills (north of Yazd), Mir Jafar Hills (in the
vicinity of Bafq) and Shohaba (Fahraj Martyrsí
compound), which have been archeologically studied on a
The cityís most outstanding infrastructure and
historical feature is its underground water canals (Qanat).
These canals are, in fact, the basis on which the
foundation of urban development has been laid in a very
Many houses, schools, bazaars and mosques are connected to
the underground canals by gutters, grooves, rivulets and
ponds. The canals, after watering residential quarters,
continue towards north to irrigate agricultural lands.