Asia: Iran

Constitution Movement

Yazd Province

Constitution Movement in Yazd

Yazd was among the first cities, which fervently joined Iranís Constitution Movement in 1906. Among those who embraced the idea of constitutionals were Hajj Mohammad Taqi Mazar, Molla Abdulkarim Haeri Mesgar (Imadul-Islam) and Said Abolqasem Shahzadeh Fazeli, who in protest to the governmentís suppressive measures, staged a sit-in in British Consulate in Yazd along with other groups of people.

Molla Abdulkarim Haeri was elected Yazdís first representative in National Consultative Assembly. The replacement of the system of Iranís government by a constitutional system led to the change of Yazdís ruler. Later, when Mohammad Ali Shah launched a coup díetat against constitutionalism, the people of Yazd sent a wire to the capital, which reflected the view of Yazd people. The telegraph read:

ďTo the supervisory board of the Parliament whose foundation may God fortify: Four days ago a telegraph was received from Mohammad Ali Shah connoting a superficial leniency. But it could not touch any heart among us. And today we received the dreadful news that Shah has broken his promise and pledge. This has provoked the publicís anger. Since we regard ourselves as the subjects of a Muslem King; we do not recognize the one who violates his own promise and Holy Quran as fit to rule Muslems. We are all, therefore, prepared to sacrifice our lives and property to attain constitutionalism, which is an Islamic motto. We await your orders to call us to Tehran to sacrifice our blood for the cause of National Assembly, to uproot the oppressors and evil-doers and make the Shiite religion prevail.Ē




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