Tehran Province is located in the North-central
Iran. It is surrounded by Guilan and Mazandaran provinces
from North, Semnan from East, Qazvin by West and Qom and
Markazi from South. Alborz mountains lies to the North of
highlands in North are often cold in winter and mild in
summer. Plains have semi-deserted climate. South-eastern
region, where Qom Lake lies, is desert.
Alborz range, lying in the North of the province, includes
the highest (volcanic) peak in Iran, called "Damavand"
(5671 m). Damavand region contains number of monuments and
hot springs. Other peaks are Kahar, Siah-sang,
Koloun-basteh, Khar-sang, Tochal and Palan-Gardan.
There are spectacular caves containing stalactites and
stalagmites; Roud-afshan in Damavand district, Halidar in
Firouz-kouh and Yakh-morad on Chalous road are among them.
Largest rivers of the province are Jajroud and Karaj,
across which two dams have been built; others are Hableh,
Damavand and Lar.
The vast majority of people are Muslim, but people with
all of the other religions live here. Persian is the
language predominantly spoken. Because of special economy
condition, great current of immigration from villages and
cities always run to Tehran, especially city of Tehran,
the capital, among which number of Turk people are
Shar-Rey and Varamin are ancient cities and contain many
monuments. Tehran, capital, is Iran's center of
economical, political, cultural and social activities.
Mehr-abad Airport and railway system link Tehran with many
points of Iran and abroad. This province has great role in
agriculture and industry of the country.
Jajim, inlaid, cloth, tiles, ceramic and pottery are of
In addition to Tehran, capital, other cities are Islam-shar,
Firouz-kouh, Damavand, Karaj, Shahr-Rey, Savojbolaq,
Shemiranat, Shahriar, Pakdasht, Robat-Karim and Varamin.
Tehran is both the national and provincial capital.