Tehran, covers 1500 Sq. km area, is located in
North-central part of Iran, on the slope of Alborz
mountain. It is about 1200 m above seal level with mild
climate. It is the most populated city in Iran and the
center of cultural, economical, political and social
Tehran was a village with numerous gardens in the past.
Its importance began to increase in Safavid era
(1501-1736). Shah Tahmasb, 1524-1576, was fascinated by
the climate of Tehran; so many buildings as caravansaries
were built there. It is said that he has built more than
100 towers around the city.
In Qajar era, in the reign of Aqa Mohammad Khan, the
founder of Qajar dynasty, Tehran became the capital.
Really, it was the time of growing the city. Twelve gates
and a ditch was dug around the city, to repel attacks on
it. Large square, now called "Tupkhaneh", with
buildings around it were built... and yet is growing as
the capital with huge population...