Province is located in South-west of Iran, with
64,236 Sq. km area. It is surrounded by Lorestan from
North, chahar Mahal Bakhtiari and Kohkilouyeh from East,
Persian Gulf from South and Iraq from West.
It consists of mountainous regions in North and East and
plateau in South. The climate is dry and semi-dry. Major
rivers are Caroun, Karkheh, Dez, Maroun and Arvand. Plant
life of the province includes Konar (Jerusalem thorn),
oak, almond and palm trees.
has been the home of men from Paleolithic period. Elamite
civilization coincided roughly in area with this province.
Ethnic groups are Arab, Kurd, Lor and Turk. Persian and
Arabic are prominent languages spoken with local accents.
Agricultural products are rich in variety as wheat,
barely, cotton, sugar beet, sugarcane melon and vegetable.
Dez, Caroun and Karkheh dams provide water. Animal
husbandry, particularly sheep, goat and buffalo and also
fishing are of high importance.
Khuzistan is also industrial center, light and heavy,
including refineries, petroleum, rolling mill, ironworks,
cement, sugar and paper mills. Lime, chalk, phosphate and
sulphur mines are of high significance.
Khuzistan's center is Ahwaz; other cities are Abadan,
Andimeshk, Baq-malek, Behbahan, Dezfoul, Dasht Azadegan,
Izeh, Khoram-shahr, Mah-shahr, Masjed Soleiman, Ramhormoz,
Shadegan, Shoush (Susa) and Shoushtar.
Bed sheets, men's loose sleeveless cloaks (Aba), prayer
rug, jajim, light cotton summer shoe (giveh), gold ware,
silverware and earthenware are of its crafts.