In the past, Tous was the name of a vast area of around
60,000 sq. km, located in the middle of two mountain
ranges, Binaloud in South and Hezar-Masjed in North. This
area contained 4 cities: Taberan, Noqan, Radkan and
The place, nowadays known as Tous, is old Taberan, which
in 9th century AD was the biggest city in Tous area and
has been able to bring up a personage such as "Hakim
Archeological finds indicate that Taberan was founded in
early centuries after Islam. Taberan was of great
importance in 9-10th century AD, contained excellent
buildings and villas. According to Qazali's letter to
Sultan Sanjar, in 9th century AD, people of Tous were not
so well off and calm.
In the early 10th century, Taberan was seriously damaged
by "Qoz" and was razed to the ground by
"Mongol" around half a century later. Many years
later, it was reconstructed by "Kerloz", Mongol
puppet, and after him "Amir Arqoun Jani Qorbani",
governer of Khorasan, continued further development. In
early 13th century AD, when referred to as Tous, it became
the minting center.
In 1371 AD, Timur's Army, under the command of his son,
Miran Shah, conquered and destroyed Tous and beheaded
10,000 of Taberan's residences, built minarets from their
heads on the city gates.
After Timu's death in 1387 AD, his son, Shahrokh, ordered
the renovation of Tous. Shahrokh's sons, Oloq Beig Mirza
and Baisonqor Mirza, attempt a revival of Tous. Because of
the fatal blows and severe damages, Tous could not regain
its previous importance and its people gradually migrated
to other cities, especially Meshed.
What now remains from Tous (Old Taberan) are:
and Tomb of Ferdowsi, which is related to modern times,
but is the main aim and excuse of travelers to Tous.