Guilan Province, with splendid natural beauty,
pleasant climate, lofty mountains covered with lush
vegetation and luxuriant forests, is located in the North
of Iran, South of Caspian Sea and covers an area of 14,709
Sq. km. It is surrounded by Caspian Sea from North,
Ardebil from West, Mazandaran from East and Zanjan from
High Alborz Mountains, sealing off the narrow Caspian
strip, trap humidity and create mild humid region with
luxuriant forests and swamps. Western mountains include
Talesh and Massouleh and part of Alborz (Eastern
mountains) are Guilan's chains of mountains, with numerous
rivers, as Sefid-roud, Pol-roud and Shalman-roud. The
largest swaps, along the coast of Caspian Sea, are Anzali
and Amir Kolayeh.
The people, who inhabit Guilan province, are called "Gilak"
and speak "Gilak" language. Talesh ethnic group
live in Western Guilan and speak "Talesh"
language, which is rooted from "Pahlavi"
language. They had nomadic way of life in the past. Islam
penetrate too late in this region, because of its
Rasht Airport and asphalt roads linked this province. most
of people engaged in agricultural activities, the most
important are rice, while tea, tobacco, citrus fruits,
grain, and peanuts.
Its industries are mostly centered in Rasht, the center of
the province. the most significant are food, mining, food,
tobacco and textile.
Fishing is of high importance, for domestic consumption or
The most important crafts of Guilan are decorative and
utilitarian wooden articles, straw mats, kilim, jajim,
felt, earthenware, ceramic and peasant's shoes (Charoq).
Rasht is the center of the province. Astara, Astaneh,
Anzali, Fouman, Langroud, Lahijan, Massouleh, Roudbar,
Roudsar, Soume Sara and Talesh are important cities of
for more information on Cities of Guilan province.