of Interest in Central Part of Mexico City
For Aztecs the gigantic 500-m-sided square ceremonial
esplanade of Mexico-Tenochtitlan was the center of the
world. It was reached by 4 avenues representing 4
directions of the universe. Today that square, now called
"Plaza de la Constitucion", or "Zocala"
in popular vernacular, not only holds 3 structures
symbolic of culture and history of Mexico, Templo Mayor,
Cathedral and Government Building, it is also a venue for
parades, protests of fiestas. The gala occasion for this
special place is most certainly on Sept. 15 every year,
when huge crowd assembles, regardless of the weather or
political or economic climate, to celebrate the biggest
national fiesta all: Independence
Basilica de Guadalupe (Villa de Guadalupe)
Mexico's most revered place of worship; hundreds of
thousands of pilgrims flock here the year round and
especially on Dec. 12 (Virgin of Guadalupe Day).
Catedral Metropolitana (Zocalo)
It is mixture of 3 styles of architecture predominant in
the colonial era: Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassic. The
Altar of Kings is magnificent. Also worth seeing, Altar of
Forgiveness and paintings by "Cristobal de
Villalpando", "Juan Correa" and "Juan
Palacio Nacional (Zocalo)
Originally the palace of Hernan Cortes. Today the seat of
executive power. Inside are three murals of Diego Rivera's
and entitled collectively "Epic Poem of Mexican
Sagrario Metropolitano (Zocalo)
This structure is of the most flori baroque style. The
facade is red lava stone and white quarry stone displays
carvings of the 12 apostles and 12 prophets.
Casa de los Azulejos (Madreo 4)
It is remodeled around 1737 in the typical tiled style of
Puebla. Inside is one of Jose Clemente Orozco's early
Palacio de Las Bellas Artes
The exterior is art nouveau and interior art deco. Murals
of Tamayo, Siqueiros, Rivera, Orozco and others embellish
the walls. Gerardo Murillo designed the glass drop curtain
made of million mosaic pieces.
Palacio de Mineria (Tacuba y Filomeno Mata)
Considered masterpiece of neoclassic architecture; focal
points iside are the ground staircase and profusion of
marble and gilt decor.
Palacio Postal (Tacuba y Eje Central)
Joint project of Italian Adamo Boari and Mexican Gonzalo
Garita. The eclectic style includes plateresque with
Gothic and Moorish touches.
Palacio de Iturbide (Madero 17)
Facade is of richly carved stone. Interior highlights are
the dome over the lobby and colonnade.
Plaza Manuel Tolsa y Estatua de Carlos IV (Tacuba y
The equestrian statue of Spanish King Charles IV, by
architect and sculptor Manuel Tolsa, is thought to be one
of the best of its kind in the world.
Casa de los Condesde San Mateo de Valparaiso
(Isabel la Catolica y Venustiano Carranza)
Home of the Count of San Mateo de Valparaiso. Eye-catching
feature of the exterior is elaborate facade; and of the
interior, crossed arches and spectacular double staircase.
The architect was Guerrero y Torres, who finished the
mansion in 1772.
Palacio de la Escuela Medicina
Designed by Pedro de Arrieta, this is one of the most
beautiful and original buildings of colonial period,
completed in 1736.
Secretaria de Educacion Publica (Republica de
Part of the old Incarnation Convent, founded in 1594. The
cloister is from 18th century, and 1585 Sq. km of Diego
Rivera paintings grace passage walls.
Templo de la Profesa (Madero e Isabel la Catolica)
Facade is held to be fine example of transitional baroque.
Neoclassic interior houses valuable neo-Hispanic art
Templo de Santo Dominigo (Belisario Dominiguez
Esq., Rep. de Brazil)
Dates from 18th century. The huge baroque facade displays
carvings of St. Augustine and St. Francis and other relief
work. Fine Churrigueresque, baroque and neoclassic altars
Templo Mayor (Seminario 8)
Remains of the monumental Aztec structures: Sculptures,
altars and shrines
Templo y Hospital de San Felipe de Jesus (20 de
The vault over the church choir section has one of
Orozco's best Murals: Apocalypse