Devine gift, no dainty have been so respected before Iranian people,
such as "Bread" and "Salt" and no grace has taken
root so deep in their culture.
respect is not only because these two are signs of blessing, but also
a lot of believes and faiths are in the background of those materials.
the separate meaning and application of those two words, these always
go together and sometimes are used as synonyms.
religious halo has encircled believed connected with bread and salt.
These believes and specialties obtained from those words has created
many hand woven.
First, size and
use of tribal “NAMAKDAN” (salt container) should be discussed.
Size and dimension of salt container, having a body and a pharynx, is
somehow in relation with tribal prayer rugs and specially Baluch
relation of these prayer rugs, is woven according to human body; one
ground in connection to body and one pharynx in connection with the
head (or place, where prayer’s head is set on the ground for
prostration). Head design is narrow, like neck. This scheme is to get
away from portraits, which is avoided in Islamic Art.
with a ground of camel wool and soil color, woven as Namakdan, could
be a bridge between feature of Namakdan and prayer rug.
This prayer rug
has a surface for prayer; its body is a place for standing and
sitting and its pharynx has enough room for putting forehead on prayer
In this respect
we don’t mean to say, that Namakdan has been used as prayer rug, but
it is a symbol of human body and it has deep idea behind tribal dining
ideas, needs knowing Iranian morals, which expresses ascourtsy,
humility, contentment and pauperism, with deep root in Iranian
culture. In this culture, poverty and contentment had higher grade
than wealth and mundane ornaments; on the basis of those definitions,
tribal dining cloth is woven at extreme simplicity and minimum design.
between aristocratic and tribal dining clothes (SOFREH), shows that
everything of these two are in contrast; while aristocratic dining
cloth are made of expensive materials, gold embroidery painted and
depicted, in other hand, tribal dining cloth is made of wool with
mostly prepared from un-dyed, raw wool and with soil color, to have
less cost and also to be near to soil, and if a narrow margin was
turned around this soil ground, in addition to carpet weaving
tradition, is to indicate the limits of Sofreh (dining cloth), where
those divine gifts are served and to prevent stepping or exceeding to
this respected limit.
of un-dyed soil color wool for dining cloth and non application of dye
and image for dining cloth might be in relation to mystical thoughts.
Lack of image and color in these dining clothes, means also lack of
food over the cloth, as an objection to the riches dining cloth, in
which variety of foods are served. A little color and design in tribal
dining cloth is due to the taste of women weavers of clan, having
tendency to colors, finesse and beauty.